Aesthetics and skin care professionals around the world are under pressure to ensure their patients are getting the best possible care, as the planet warms and the global population grows.
While most of us have never experienced what it feels like to be a “zombie skin” with a layer of skin peeling off of our body, many are concerned about the future of skin care and their own skin.
What’s in your skin care kit?
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What you need to know about skin care in 2018.
The rise of “zombies” is a problem for dermatologists and skin scientists who believe that our skin is becoming a more fragile environment in which bacteria and viruses thrive.
This can cause irritation and infection in the skin, leading to premature ageing and the development of skin cancers, says Dr Jennifer Langer of the University of Oxford, who was not involved in this research.
Dr Langer says the rise in the incidence of these infections and skin cancers is “not the end of the world”.
She says the best way to keep your skin healthy is to “talk about skin health in a more holistic way”.
“There is no one answer to how to treat skin.
It is really a combination of lifestyle, diet, hydration, and lifestyle change,” says Dr Langer.
“People should be aware that it is not only the skin they need to be worried about, but also the microbiome, which can influence the way the skin responds to different skin conditions.”
The rise in infections has been linked to the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in our gut, which has led to a rise in our risk of infection.
Antibiotics are also found in skin care products such as deodorants, lotions and creams, which have been linked with skin cancer and even skin transplants.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the number of skin cancer cases worldwide has risen by 60% in the past 20 years, with the highest rates in China, Japan, Russia and the UK.
In the Americas, more than 60% of skin-cancer cases are linked to infections.
Many people are concerned that they are getting too many antibiotics, which is not a good thing.
“There are a lot of drugs in our skin care arsenal and it is a bit like the US: you can use it or you can’t use it,” says dermatologist and skin health expert Dr Marnie Lee of the Centre for Skin Care Research and Education in Perth.
“It is important that we don’t get too high a dose and get too much too soon.”
But it’s not just the skin that can be at risk.
“You also have antibiotics in the blood, which means you can get a bacterial infection, which then can cause inflammation,” says Lee.
“And then you also have bacteria that live in the gut, and if you have bacteria in the intestines that can then be transferred into the skin.”
The body is made up of millions of tiny organelles called macromolecules, and the skin is a particular example.
Each macromol, or molecule, has a unique function, but in a skin infection, macromoles can “jam up” together and “collapse” into small, sticky masses that can clog the skin’s pores.
In addition to skin infections, antibiotics can also cause skin inflammation, which causes redness, irritation and blistering.
The body uses a process called “cellulitis”, in which the body destroys a healthy macromolar colony to try and prevent further infection.
In 2018, the WHO published its first global report on the global rise of skin infections.
The report, published in January, highlighted the fact that “there is an epidemic of antibiotic resistance, and we must ensure we have the right drugs and vaccines available to prevent this”.
It also called on governments to support the use of antibiotics in treating skin infections and suggested that skin care companies “must be aware of the need for a skin-care kit and develop and implement a skin care programme to promote skin health”.
“The importance of skin health cannot be understated,” said Dr Ller, who emphasised that the “skin care kit” is “the best way we can have an effective approach to skin care”.
“It is not just about skin, it is about the microbiome and skin conditions, and how the microbiome affects the skin,” she said.
“So, if we are going to improve the quality of our skin and our skin conditions and help them become more normal, we need to talk about it in a holistic way.”
A skin care guide: How to keep skin healthy in 2018, from the experts.
What you need a skin health kit?
What you can do to protect your skin from infection.What